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Abstract

Tumbuhan Asteraceae dilaporkan mengandung metabolit sekunder tinggi yang aktif sebagai antioksidan. Senyawa antioksidan juga digunakan untuk mencegah penuaan/reaksi glikasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan aktivitas antioksidan dan antiglikasi 7 tumbuhan Asteraceae. Daun Adenostema lavenia, Ageratum conyzoides, Dichrocephala integrifolia, Galinsoga parvifolia, Synedrella nodiflora, Mikania micrantha, dan Sphagneticola trilobata masing-masing diekstraksi menggunakan air. Ekstrak kemudian ditentukan kandungan total fenol, flavonoid, dan aktivitas antioksidan menggunakan metode 1,1-difenil-2-pikrilhidrazil (DPPH) dan 2,2’-azino-bis(3 ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), serta aktivitas antiglikasi. Ekstrak dengan kadar total fenolik dan flavonoid tertinggi adalah ekstrak M. micrantha. Ekstrak A. lavenia memiliki aktivitas antioksidan terhadap DPPH tertinggi dengan nilai IC50 sebesar 121,82 μg/mL dan A. conyzoides tertinggi terhadap ABTS dengan kapasitas sebesar 4,51 mg trolox ekivalen (TE)/g ekstrak. Aktivitas antiglikasi tertinggi pada ekstrak G. parvifolia sebesar 90,67% yang tidak berbeda nyata dengan ekstrak A. lavenia (87,87%) dan S. trilobata (87,38%). Secara keseluruhan ekstrak A. lavenia dan S. trilobata baik dikembangkan sebagai antioksidan dan antiglikasi.

Keywords

ABTS, Adenostema lavenia, Antiglikasi, Asteraceae, DPPH, Sphagneticola trilobata

Article Details

How to Cite
Budiarti, E., Batubara, I., & Ilmiawati, A. (2019). Potensi Beberapa Ekstrak Tumbuhan Asteraceae sebagai Antioksidan dan Antiglikasi. Jurnal Jamu Indonesia, 4(3), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.29244/jji.v4i3.161

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